Nowadays, a controversial issue is whether consuming milk is healthy or not. And should people with diabetes consume milk?
According to ADA people should consume from 2 to 3 servings of low-fat milk or low-fat dairy on a daily basis. But what about people that have diabetes?
What Does Milk Contain?
In one package of milk, there is carbs, protein, and fat. In one liter of normal cow’s milk, there is from 30 to 25 g of protein, mostly as casein.
Also, it contains different minerals, other proteins, but in small amounts and vitamins B complex, E, C, K, A and D.
Is There Connection Between Type 1 Diabetes and Milk Consumption?
According to some controversial studies, there is a link between juvenile onset diabetes, i.e., type 1 diabetes and consumption of cow’s milk.
Scientists came to the discovery that the composition of protein in the cow’s milk, particularly A1 beta-casein molecule is very different from the one in the human milk. Therefore, humans find it hard to digest it.
Although, on this topic there is need of more research, studies note that the bovine insulin and A1 beta-casein found in cow’s milk might trigger an autoimmune reaction in kids with particular human leukocyte antigen, i.e., HLA complex.
Due to this autoimmune reaction, the body can make antibodies against the beta cells. These are the cells which make insulin, the pancreas will gradually destroy these cells, and that can lead to type 1 diabetes.
Is There Connection Between Type 2 Diabetes and Milk Consumption?
According to a review made out of 16 studies, full-fat milk can protect against heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. It seems that a fatty acid, i.e., the trans-palmitoleic acid in milk fat can help improve insulin sensitivity and insulin levels.
In another study, the participants who had highest levels of this acid had 60 percent lower risk of obtaining diabetes in comparison to those participants who had the lowest levels.
Another fatty acid is known as phytanic acid and CLA, i.e., conjugated linolenic acid which is a natural trans fat were found to lower the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Can People with Diabetes Consume Milk?
People with diabetes can consume full-fat milk from grass-fed animals.
How Much Milk Can People With Diabetes Consume?
In order to find out how much you can consume there is need of some tests. Test your blood sugar levels before you consume milk and then test your levels one more time half an hour after you consume milk.
Can People with Diabetes Consume Non-Dairy Milks?
You should know that this depends on the kind of non-dairy milk. Some non-dairy milks have high carb content which can send your blood sugar on a roller-coaster. Those non-dairy milk are rice milk, any sweetened non-dairy milk, and oat milk.